Bill C-31: The New Refugee System2020-05-24T18:38:44-07:00

In June 2012, the federal government passed Bill C-31, the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, ushering in sweeping changes to Canada’s refugee system.

Under the new system, refugee claimants in Canada will face accelerated timelines, limited recourse for negative decisions, and restrictive access to safety nets including Humanitarian and Compassionate Consideration and Pre-Removal Risk Assessment. The new law also gives broad powers to the Minister of Public Safety to designate certain arrivals as ‘Designated Foreign Nationals’ – a label that carries mandatory detention, accelerated timelines, restricted access to the refugee system, and draconian conditions on refugees, including a five-year waiting period between a successful claim and an application for permanent residency. Finally, the new system includes a Designated Countries of Origin list – a list of countries that are assumed to be ‘safe’ for refugees. Refugee claimants from these countries will face accelerated timelines for their refugee hearings and fast removal without the chance to have a negative decision reviewed.

Bill C-31 received Royal Assent on June 28, 2012. CARL is committed to challenging the many aspects of the new refugee system that put the human rights of refugees at risk. 

Learn more about CARL’s work on the Designated Countries of Origin list
Learn more about CARL’s work on the Designated Foreign Nationals Regime

List of Bill C-31 Resources

Media Releases

CARL Letter to the Minister Regarding Ukraine

March 4th, 2022|

Dear Minister, Like the rest of Canada, the Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers is watching in shock as the Russian invasion of Ukraine continues. The need for global solidarity and burden-sharing to meet this and [...]

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