The Designated Countries of Origin (DCO) list, commonly known as the Safe Countries of Origin list, is a list of 35 countries that Canada has deemed to be safe countries for refugees.
Refugee claimants who arrive in Canada from DCO countries will be rushed through the refugee claim process, deprived of important procedural protections, and denied fundamental justice. Canada’s Designated Countries of Origin (DCO) scheme creates a two-tier refugee determination system which discriminates between refugee claimants based on their nationality (i.e. their country of origin). The scheme was introduced as part of legislation which amended the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, and passed into law on June 28, 2012.